Throughout war and conflict women become more vulnerable and in need of safety and protection. UNHCR works with coordination with thousands of local and international non-governmental Organizations to provide all the needs of these women and maintaining their Protection is one of the million services NGOs provide. There are different services that NGOs provide according to the type of the protection needed.
Some NGOs offer information sessions to women in order to give them knowledge about their rights and the types of violence or harm that they can face. If you need to attend these sessions, contact UNHCR or any NGO close to your residency and ask for all the information needed.
Women who might need medical care as a cause of abuse or violence, you can check the Health Category. Click HERE
find below the types and results of violence.
a. Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV):
Sexual violence, gender-based violence and violence against women refer to physical, sexual and psychological harm that reinforces female subordination and perpetuates male power and control.
Acts of sexual and gender-based violence violate a number of human rights principles enshrined in international human rights instruments. Among others, these include:
- The right to life, liberty and security of the person.
- The right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
- The right to freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.
-The right to freedom of movement, opinion, expression, and association.
-The right to enter into marriage with free and full consent and the entitlement to equal rights to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
- The right to education, social security and personal development.
- The right to cultural, political and public participation, equal access to public services, work and equal pay for equal work.
Sexual violence, including exploitation and abuse, refers to any act, attempt or threat of a sexual nature that results, or is likely to result, in physical, psychological and emotional harm. Sexual violence is a form of gender-based violence.
b. Gender Based Violence:
The term gender-based violence is used to distinguish common violence from violence that targets individuals or groups of individuals on the basis of their gender.The term violence against women refers to any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical and psychological harm to women and girls, whether occurring in private or in public. Violence against women is a form of gender-based violence.
A perpetrator is a person, group, or institution that directly inflicts, supports and condones violence or other abuse against a person or a group of persons. Perpetrators are in a position of real or perceived power, decision-making and/or authority and can thus exert control over their victims.
It is a myth that sexual and gender-based violence is usually perpetrated by strangers. In fact, most acts of sexual and gender-based violence are perpetrated by someone known to the survivor, and many violent incidents are planned in advance.
Sexual and gender-based violence can also be perpetrated by family and community members.
Types of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence
The following table describes some of the more common forms of sexual and gender-based violence. The list is neither exhaustive nor exclusive. It is a practical tool that can be used in each location to help identify the different forms of sexual and gender-based violence that exist. Acts of sexual and gender-based violence have been grouped into five categories:
- Sexual violence.
- Physical violence.
- Emotional and psychological violence.
- Harmful traditional practices.
- Socio-economic violence.
Causes or Risk factors for Sexual and Gender Based Violence
There are serious and potentially life threatening health outcomes with all types of sexual and gender-based violence.
If national laws do not provide adequate safeguards against sexual and gender-based violence, or if practices in the judicial and law enforcement bodies are discriminatory, this kind of violence can be perpetrated with impunity.
Community attitudes of blaming the victim/survivor are often reflected in the courts. Many sexual and gender-based crimes are dismissed or guilty perpetrators are given light sentences. In some countries, the punishment meted out to perpetrators constitutes another violation of the victim’s/survivor’s rights and freedoms, such as in cases of forced marriage to the perpetrator. The emotional damage to victims/survivors is com